It is the species from which the original mahogany wood was produced. Swietenia Macrophylla. Common Name: Big Leaf Mahogany. [9] A detailed mechanism of action of apoptotic inducing effect on HCT116 human cancer cell line was elucidated. It is one of three species that yields genuine mahogany timber (Swietenia), the others being Swietenia mahagoni and Swietenia humilis. CITES is an international agreement between governments, aimed to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Swietenia macrophylla : Source: Meliaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Swietenia … The University of the Philippines (UP) is the country’s national university. The mahogany shoot borer, Hypsipyla grandella (Zeller), bores into the twigs and seed capsules of trees in the mahogany family (Meliaceae), especially mahogany species (Swietenia spp.) Consumption of Swietenia macrophylla seeds can lead to hepatitis and autoimmune phenomena", "HSA Updates on Reports of Liver Injury After Consumption of Mahogany Seeds (Sky Fruit)", "CHP investigates suspected cases of hepatotoxicity after consumption of sky fruit seeds and related products", "Acute oral toxicity studies of Swietenia macrophylla seeds in Sprague Dawley rats", International Federation of Building and Wood Workers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swietenia_macrophylla&oldid=993801775, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Historic range of big-leaf mahogany in South America, Current range of big-leaf mahogany in South America, English - big leaf mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, Brazilian mahogany, French - Acajou à grandes feuilles, acajou du Honduras, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:52. Swietenia fabrilis Salisb. ... Swietenia tessmannii Harms. The bark of several North American species of Zanthoxylum is chewed for toothache relief. Other valuable timbers of Meliaceae … Citrus oils are commonly expressed from the rinds of different citrus fruits or from their flowers. The seeds of other species yield useful oils. Species of Meliaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 46 plant genera. Mahogany is said to have strong … Phylogenetic studies suggest that the Meliaceae is most closely related to the Rutaceae and Simaroubaceae (Savolainen et al., 2000). It occurs natively in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia. [15] This may also due to over dosage and consumption of contaminated raw seeds which are never been thoroughly investigated. SWIETENIA (MELIACEAE) FLOWER IN LATE OLIGOCENE–EARLY MIOCENE AMBER FROM SIMOJOVEL DE ALLENDE,CHIAPAS,MEXICO1 CARLOS CASTAN˜ EDA-POSADAS2,4 AND SERGIO R. S. CEVALLOS-FERRIZ3,5 2Posgrado de Ciencias Biolo´gicas; Instituto de Geologı´a, Universidad Nacional Auto´noma de Me´xico, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegacio´n Coyoaca´n, Me´xico, D.F. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. [16] The severity of liver damage varies. Distribution: Southern Mexico southward to Colombia, Venezuela, and parts of the upper Amazon and its tributaries in Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. [13], There are also claims of its ability to improve blood circulation and skin condition, as well as anti-erectile dysfunction. is a genus of trees in the chinaberry family, Meliaceae.. Species of the genus Swietenia (Meliaceae) are known for their quality of wood (Pennington et al., 1981), especially Brazilian mahogany, whose intense exploitation has placed … Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Cedrela mahagoni L. Cedrus mahogani Mill. 2000. Introduction. Scientific name: Swietenia mahagoni Pronunciation: swee-TEEN-ee-uh mah-HAH-go-nye Common name(s): Mahogany, West Indies mahogany Family: Meliaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to South Florida, Bahamas, and the western Caribbean UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: Native Uses: reclamation; street without sidewalk; screen; shade; parking lot island 100–200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 sq ft; tree lawn 4–6 feet wide; tree lawn > 6 ft wide; urban toleran… ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Caoba. The leaflets are even in number and are connected by a central midrib. It occurs natively in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia. As with Sapindaceae, members of Rutaceae are best known for their fruits. Only a few species of Rutaceae are important timber trees. Distribution of Meliaceae 3. Nearly leafless, fruiting tree. The tree is also planted in Laos PDR. [18], The species is also known under other common names, including bastard mahogany,[19] broad-leaved mahogany, Brazilian mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, genuine mahogany, tropical American mahogany, and sky fruit, among others. Swietenia Swietenia. 2008. Affinities. The biological boundaries between these species are not clear‐cut, and many biological … Swietenia macrophylla (Honduras mahogany), from Mexico to Bolivia, is also well known. The best known, Swietenia mahagoni (West Indian mahogany), is one of the world’s most valuable woods. Swietenia macrophylla: Family: Meliaceae: Honduras Mahogany. Aside from Swietenia there are several genera in the Meliaceae which produce timber suitable for musical instrument construction, among other uses. [citation needed], Historic distribution of mahogany in Mexico and Central America. Swietenia mahagoni Meliaceae (L.) Jacq. Economic Importance 4. SMEAF significantly attenuated the LPS-induced production of nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). The term was next applied to the wood of Swietenia macrophylla, which is closely related, and known as Honduras mahogany. mahogany, Honduran mahogany ECOLOGY In its original habitat, the climate is warm and equable, with temperatures ranging from 16 to 32 deg. Poncirus is a spiny hedge shrub; Skimmia japonica (Japanese skimmia) and S. reevesiana (Chinese skimmia) have white flowers and red berries; the North American Ptelea trifoliata (hop tree) has attractive winged fruits; and the northeast Asian Phellodendron amurense (Amur cork tree) is a valuable shade tree. [8] The fruits of mahogany can be measure to 40 cm in length, in a light grey to brown capsule. : Common Name: WEST INDIAN MAHOGANY: Plant Notes: Commonly planted and naturalized, in Florida this species is primarily native only to the northern Keys and southern hammocks of the Everglades (Little 1978; Morton 1987). Swietenia Meliaceae - 2 images at . Quite the same Wikipedia. Leaves of Murraya koenigii (curry leaf) are used in curries. The Indo-Malaysian Chloroxylon swietenia (satinwood), eastern Australian Flindersia oxleyana (Australian yellowwood), and Caribbean Zanthoxylum flavum (West Indian silkwood) are used for veneering and cabinetmaking. It is native to South America, Mexico and Central America, but naturalized in the Philippines, Singapore and Hawaii, and cultivated in plantations and wind-breaks elsewhere. The fruit is a capsule. Dictamnus albus (burning bush) is one of the few members of the family that is not woody. [7], Mahogany is characterised by its large leaves (up to 45 cm long). Important Asian timber trees are Toona ciliata (Australian red cedar, or Indian mahogany; grown throughout South Asia, New Guinea, and Australia), Chukrasia tabularis (Chittagong wood; grown in China and Indo-Malaysia), and Soymida febrifuga (Indian redwood; grown in Indo-Malaysia). Identification: Swietenia species can be very hard to tell from one another, but they can usually be distinguished from other species listed as mahogany (see following species further on in this article).All Swietenia … A few members of Meliaceae have edible fruits. Meliaceae : Source: Meliaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Meliaceae … Taxonomy & nomenclature GRIN nomenclature info for Swietenia mahogani Nomenclatural information about Swietenia mahogani is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.. Swietenia mahogani information from ITIS The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Swietenia mahogani, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the … Such characteristics make the wood highly suited for cabinetmaking. This is the 'original' mahogany tree. These findings indicated that SMEAF possesses anti-inflammatory activities in BV-2 cells by modulating LPS-induced pro-inflammatory mediator production via the inhibition of Akt-dependent NF-κB, p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 activation. Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) are classified as #Vulnerable by IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 1998. Swietenia is a genus of trees in the chinaberry family, Meliaceae. It is an important economic pest and has been the subject of concerted research efforts in several tropical countries. These are collectively referred to … C; rainfall varies from 1250 to 2500 mm, coming mostly in summer but spreading almost through the whole year. Swietenia macrophylla King (Meliaceae) is used to treat diabetes mellitus in Malaysia. #Meliaceae Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Just better. The new fossil species Swietenia dominicensis (Meliaceae) consists of a functionally staminate flower whose urceolate filament tube bears 10 deltate-acurmnate appendages. This poisonous perennial herb, native from southern Europe to northern China, is grown not only for its attractive whitish flowers but also for its ethereal oil; the glands of this plant can be squeezed and the oil expressed into the air and ignited by a match—hence the common name. [15] The exact mechanism of these adverse events is currently unknown. [citation needed], CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Swietenia macrophylla: Big-leaf mahogany", "Biological Activities and Phytochemicals of Swietenia macrophylla King", "Acute toxicity profiling of the ethyl acetate fraction of Swietenia macrophylla seeds and in - vitro neuroprotection studies", "Potent PPARγ Ligands from Swietenia macrophylla Are Capable of Stimulating Glucose Uptake in Muscle Cells", "Home: ENVIS-Center of NBRI on Plants and Pollution", "42. Khaya is the african variety while Swietenia is probably more native (Probably means: in India for a longer time than other one) 04510 Mexico; … Source for information on Swietenia: A Dictionary of Plant Sciences dictionary. Characters of Meliaceae: Plants woody trees, leaves … Quite the same Wikipedia. The mahogany timber grown in these Asian plantations is the major source of international trade in genuine mahogany today. [7], Unlike mahogany sourced from its native locations, plantation mahogany grown in Asia is not restricted in trade. For example Honduran mahogany is Swietenia macrophylla Although the new species shares many characters with Swietenia microphylla, small differences in the length and width of petals and the length of staminal tube support its recognition as a new species. It is native to South America, Mexico and Central America, but naturalized in the Philippines, Singapore and Hawaii,[2][6] and cultivated in plantations and wind-breaks elsewhere. [5], Mahogany wood is strong and is usually a source for furniture, musical instruments, ships, doors, coffins, decors. Swietenia (mahogany; family Meliaceae) A genus containing the true mahoganies, which are deciduous trees with pinnate leaves, and flowers that are functionally unisexual. Mahogany: Swietenia mahagoni Family: Meliaceae Common names: Mahogany, Cuban Mahogany, West Indian Mahogany Synonyms (Discarded name): Cedrela mahagoni Origin: South Florida, Bahamas, and Caribbean U.S.D.A. Economic Importance 4. Swietenia is one genus in a family of trees, the chinaberry or Meliaceae family, which grows all over the tropics. [7], The seeds of mahogany can reach 7 to 12 cm long. The Swietenia mahagoni is native to southern Florida, the Caribbean, and the West Indies. Media in category "Meliaceae" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. Aside from Swietenia there are several genera in the Meliaceae which produce timber suitable … The crude ethanol extract of mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) seeds was tested for anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, and antitumor-promoting activities. It is the only species of Hypsipyla in Florida, where it is a pest of West Indies mahogany (Swietenia mahagoniJacquin), a native tree that i… CITES is an international agreement between governments, aimed to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. The wood of Swietenia … The genus is named for Dutch-Austrian physician Gerard van Swieten (1700-1772). Swietenia. It occurs natively in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia. Moreover, SMEAF markedly suppressed phosphorylation of Akt, p38 Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) in LPS-induced BV-2 cells. It is one of three species that yields genuine mahogany timber (Swietenia), the others being Swietenia mahagoni and Swietenia humilis. A few other genera also yield edible fruits. The flower was illustrated informally by Poinar and Poinar (1999) from amber material of the Dominican …

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