Es un arbusto resistente a los vientos fuertes, altas temperaturas, sequia estacion… The leaves are hairless and coriaceous, arranged in whorls of 2-3, with a short petiole, with entire margin and robust and prominent central rib. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore. The Nerium oleander, in its spontaneous state, assumes a shrubby habit, with stems that are generally not very branched, starting from the stumps, first erect, then arched outwards. Habitat: Riparian. Clifford: 76, Nerium 1 [beta]; ; (BM-000558145) LT designated by Stearn in Davis (ed. bunga Nerium oleander bermacam macam, mulai dari bunga yang berwarna putih atau kelabu, merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan. Blossom: In warm areas all-year, otherwise May to October 11. panicles in white or rose-coloured 12. Required fields are marked *. Promptly deadhead spent blooms to prevent formation of non-ornamental seed pods. Attention: Pharmaceutical applications and alimurgical uses are indicated for informational purposes only, they do not in any way represent a medical prescription; there is therefore no liability for their use for curative, aesthetic or food purposes. Leaves narrow-elliptic to lanceolate, 6–20 cm long, 10–30 mm wide, apex acute, base tapered, margins entire, lamina leathery, both surfaces ?glabrous, lower surface paler; secondary veins > 30; petiole mm long. In some protected areas mature plants may reach up to 20 feet tall. The plant, suitable to USDA Hardiness Zones 8 to 11, grows to between 6 and 20 feet in height. Apuleius narrates, in his “Metamorphoses” that Lucio was transformed into a donkey and while he was looking for the roses that had to give him the human form, he was deceived by the flowers of oleander but before he bit into it he noticed his danger. About Nerium oleander Plant : Habit : A small shrub with milky juice present. Planta arbustiva que se puede formar como árbol de porte pequeño, de hojas perennes de un verde intenso, cuyas hojas, flores, tallos, ramas y semillas son venenosas. Habitat and Distribution. The whole plant (leaves, bark, seeds) is toxic for any animal species. Habit & habitat, Etymology & pronunciation, Other interesting information, stories etc., Others, Botanical names, Common names, Main point of discussion below, Discussion about Botanical names. Leaves : Verticillate in 3 or 2 opposite, linear- lanceolate, narrow at both ends. It can live in many different kinds of habitats that other plants could never survive in. Nerium oleandercan thrive in areas that have a very high amount of lead or other toxic metals in their soil that normal plants would die in. Scientific Name: Nerium oleander. The Project was originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001. Nerium verecundum Salisb. © 2019 - Guide to Poisonous Plants | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. Cultivation – Known hazards of Nerium oleander: The whole plant is very poisonous. These cookies do not store any personal information. Health from the Pharmacy of the Lord, Advice and experience with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Publisher It is a plant very resistant to salt and drought that is grown for ornamental purposes and its cultivation is simple. It typically occurs around stream beds in river valleys, where it can alternatively tolerate long seasons of drought and inundation from winter rains. On rock walls, generally of calcareous origin from 0 to 200 m. Description – Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Shrub: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: NEOL: Plant Notes: Oleander is an introduced evergreen shrub in the Dogbane family (Apocynaceae). LT: Herb. Flowering plant in native habitat ... often including uses and habitat.]. Plant Family: Apocynads (Apocynoideae) 2. If swallowed it leads to: bradycardia and increased respiration rate, gastric disorders, including vomiting, nausea and burning, disturbances on the central nervous system, including drowsiness. Unsupported Web Browser: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Skin contact with the plant can cause irritation whilst ingestion of only one leaf has led to death in children. Nerium oleander is either native or naturalized to a broad area spanning from Northwest Africa and Iberian peninsula eastward through the Mediterranean region, to the Arabian peninsula, southern Asia, and as far east as Yunnan in southern parts of China. Nerium oleander Accepted Name Indian Oleander ... Habitat and Distribution . The lamina is lanceolate, acute at the apex, 1-2 cm wide and 10-14 cm long. Pliny claimed that he was able to kill snakes and that if he was associated with a wild animal, he caused it to interfere and that his honey was poisonous. Inflorescence : Terminal panicles of cymes. Distribution. It is said that its fried stems were the deadly cause among Napoleon’s soldiers who used them for roasters: the fire distilled its glycosides that mixed with the meat causing poisoning. Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Perhaps because of its toxicity, since ancient times the oleander was known as a funerary plant. Common Name: Oleander. – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the cultivation of the oleander it should be taken into account that it is a very resistant evergreen shrub and for this reason it is cultivated in a massive way in urban environments. It is drought tolerant, and is extensively used in landscaping along highways. Turkey 6: 159 (1978) If the leaves are present in the pastures and ingested by the animals, in large quantities, they can even lead to death. Common Name: Evergreen Oleander 6. altogether ca. Oleander vulgaris Medik. – Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions. Tanaman ini tumbuh dengan baik pada daerah kering beriklim hangat dan dapat dibudidayakan di berbagai daerah. Nerium oleanderes una especie nativa de la cuenca del Mediterráneo hasta la región al sureste de China, limítrofe con Vietnam. Your email address will not be published. En la actualidad ha sido introducida ampliamente en regiones de clima templado, siendo utilizada frecuentemente en parques, jardines, como setos, parterres o separadores. Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub. The specific epithet oleander is derived from arodándrum, corruption of the Greek ῥοδοδένδρον rhododéndron, term to its cultured from the Greek ῥόδον rhódon rose and from δένδρον déndron tree: for the color of the flowers of many species of this genus. General Habitat. It also needs lots of sunlight and does not like to live in areas that have temperatures below freezing. It is considered drought resistant, however it prefers to live along river banks in moist soil. Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Datasheet Type(s): Invasive Species, Host Plant. Origin: Mediterranean area, Mid East and China 8. evergreen, woody plant 9. The oleander fears the cold, it thrives well in its phytoclimatic zone that provides temperate places, sunny and sheltered from the cold. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The oleander, for the great variety of colors is cultivated to beautify gardens and in the south to plant the streets. The fruit is an elongated fusiform follicle of brown color, of 1 x 10 -15 cm, which at maturity opens up spreading densely hairy seeds with brownish pappi. EUNIS habitat classification 2012 amended 2019 > F - Heathland, scrub and tundra > F9 - Riverine and fen scrubs > F9.3 - Southern riparian galleries and thickets > F9.31 - Nerium oleander, … This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. However, container plants seem to do best in fertile soils with good drainage. From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Gentianales Order, Apocynaceae Family, Apocynoideae Subfamily, Nerieae Tribe, Neriinae Sottotribù and therefore to the Genus Nerium and to the Species N. oleander. Flowers : Pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Leaves: leathery, lan… You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Oleander indica (Mill.) by ; Dr. Chandra Barooah & Iftikher Ahmed (2014) Assam Science Technology and Environment Council. This naturalized and widely cultivated garden and landscaping plant is native to the Mediterranean region. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – The Nerium oleander is a species perhaps native to Asia but it is natural and spontaneous in the Mediterranean regions, with an area limited to the Mediterranean coasts, coinciding with that of the Olive tree. Nombre binomial Nerium oleander L., La Adelfa (Nerium oleander L.), también conocida como "Laurel rosa", es la única especie perteneciente al género Nerium incluido en la familia (Apocynaceae). The chemical that kills and hydrogeological, The Principle of Sustainability and its contradiction, Il Consorzio Ecodomus – Edilizia ecosostenibile, Properties and characteristics of the Oleandro, Propiedades y características del Oleandro, Proprietà e caratteristiche dell'Oleandro. Oleander is native to dry Mediterranean stream beds, and established plants will tolerate some drought and poor soils. The oleander has a fairly large range extending across the warm temperate range from Japan to the Mediterranean basin. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. For its cultivation technique, the following sheet can be consulted. Kind: Oleander (Nerium oleander) 4. only kind of the plant genus Nerium 5. Nerium oleander L. APNI* . Furthermore its toxic properties have been used as a “weapon” for the murder described in the film White Oleander. Sources Nerium oleander (Oleander) is a common riparian evergreen shrub. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Flora of Italy, Edagricole, Bologna. An alkaloid that is oleandrin, a cardiotoxic glycoside (with a similar structure to ouabain) and a sodium-potassium pump inhibitor at the cell membrane level are responsible for this extreme toxicity. Oleander, bunga mentega atau bunga jepun (Nerium oleander) adalah tanaman perdu anggota keluarga Apocynaceae yang menghasilkan bunga sepanjang tahun Bunga jepun berasal dari Afrika bagian utara, bagian timur Mediterania dan juga Asia Tenggara. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen. Arizona Native Status: Introduced. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Ciri-ciri – Pignatti S., 1982. 160 kinds 7. Hardy to U.S. … Systematics – Habitat Native to North Africa and southwest Asia, oleander is an evergreen showy flowering shrub. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The young branches are green and hairless. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The leaf is glabrous, lanceolate, and is carried on a … A very poisonous plant it is sometimes gathered from the wild for medicinal and other uses. Oleander is an evergreen ornamental shrub or small tree with long, narrow, dark … Uses and Traditions – Oleander (Nerium oleander) is an evergreen shrub or small tree that is prized by home gardeners for its showy, funnel-shaped blooms. It is an exclusive species which is classified in genus Nerium. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Nerium is a genus of one species – Nerium oleander that is native to Europe and Asia. Nerium oleander is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. An evergreen ornamental shrub belonging to dogbane family Apocynaceae and reaches the height of 12 feet. The term Nerium comes from the Greek νερόν = νηρός nerón = nerós humid, fresh. Oleander (Nerieae) 3. Nerium is widely cultivated and over 400 varieties have been described, but there is just 1 species in the genus. Preparation Mode – Because of its toxic properties, the Nerium oleander does not find any application in the kitchen while some active ingredients can be used in homeopathy or phytotherapy for diseases related to heart failure. Morfologi Bunga Nerium Oleander Tanaman Nerium oleander memiliki bunga yang berkembang dalam seikat yang mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat. The old stems and branches have a grayish bark. Some dwarf cultivars stay as low as 3 to 5 feet. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to October. (0 ratings) 0. Nerium oleander is planted in many subtropical and tropical areas of the world. Nerium oleander is a unique plant. | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. The leaves are opposite or arranged in whorls of 3 or 4. It is most commonly known as oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. The antesis takes place between May and July. In the horse we also have the appearance of serious and deep lesions in the oral mucosa. Nerium Oleander Facts: Nerium oleander is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the dogbane family and is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. La adelfa es una planta que se adapta a condiciones de clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las heladas ocasionales. Scientific name: Nerium oleander Pronunciation: NEER-ee-um oh-lee-AN-der Common name(s): oleander Family: Apocynaceae USDA hardiness zones: 9A through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southern Asia and the Mediterranean UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status:not assessed/incomplete assessment Uses: reclamation; urban tolerant; screen; specimen; trained as a standard; container or planter; hedge; deck or patio; parking lot island < 100 sq ft; parking lot island 100-200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 sq ft; sidew… The oleander contains however other toxic principles, which are preserved even after drying. Bunga ini terletak di ujung cabang dan mempunyai diameter sekitar 2,5 sampai 5 cm. In its natural state it can not withstand temperatures below -5, -7 degrees Celsius. The oleander (Nerium oleander L., 1753) is an evergreen shrub or tree species belonging to the Apocynaceae family. Habitat of the herb: River banks and river gravels in Europe. Most cultivars will grow to 8 to 12 feet tall and almost as wide. Location/Habitat:.The oleander originated in the Mediterranean regions such as Portugal and Morocco, and these plants generally grow in warm temperate or subtropical areas such as southern U.S., but they are present worldwide. A study was done that looked at the different amounts of lead that accumulated in the plant when it was grown in soil that had a 1. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. Death comes by cardio-respiratory collapse. Both the leaves and the stem are poisonous. NERIUM OLEANDER International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph 366 Plant 1. Description: Shrub, often with many stems from near ground level, up to c. 8 m high, sap watery. Plant Characteristics. It is a highly polloniferous species. The bark of the oleander is either grayish or greenish gray in color. Medik. Oleander is also grown as a potted house plant in northern climates. The plant belongs to the family Apocynaceae (the dogbane family), one of the largest plant families. Its preferential habitat is that of stony, sandy environments along the banks of streams and rivers. The ovary is bilocular with 2 welded carpels, and with numerous ova. In Italy we find it spontaneous in the phytoclimatic area of ​​the Lauretum, both in the coastal areas and up to 1000 meters above sea level especially along the waterways where it often forms a common and unmistakable element of the riparian vegetation of the Mediterranean environments, almost always associated with other riparian species such as alder, tamarisk, agnocast. Height growth: up to 3 m 10. This is the profile for the plant - Nerium oleander / Oleander / Difla. Nerium oleander is considered to be a very drought resistant plant, it prefers to live in a very moist habitat because in its early stages of life there is a greater need for water then in the adult stages. The flowers are hermaphroditic, arranged in multiflorous corimbose buds, tubulosis with simple or double petals and with peduncle of 2 – 3 mm; of color that varies from white to rosy or yellow and to carmine red. ), Fl. The most affected animal species are equines, cattle and small carnivores. The Nerium oleander is a species perhaps native to Asia but it is natural and spontaneous in the Mediterranean regions, with an area limited to the Mediterranean coasts, coinciding with that of the Olive tree. Flowering November, December, January, February, March. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. – Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (edited by), 2005. Common Name: Oleander. Open areas. It branches into erect branches, commonly reaches a height of 1.5 m, and may even reach a height of 4 m. The branches are elastic. Your email address will not be published. Etymology – Water regularly but let plant soils dry out between waterings. – Treben M., 2000. Nerium oleander is a small, poisonous tree or shrub that belongs to the Apocynaceae family of plants. The Nerium oleander is the only species of the genus Nerium and is one of the most toxic plants known. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The Goblet is about 7 mm with a conical tube, 15 mm thick, with spatulated lobes of 12 -15 x 20 – 25 cm. Because of its toxic properties, in the countryside of some Italian regions, the plant is called “horse killing” or “ass kill”. Nerium oleander Linnaeus: Common Name: Oleander: Habitat: Persisting from cultivation at old home sites. Skin contact with the plant - Nerium oleander Accepted Name Indian oleander habitat... The ovary is bilocular with 2 welded carpels, and with numerous.. S nerium oleander habitat: Invasive species, Host plant between 6 and 20 tall. 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Banks and river gravels in Europe the ovary is bilocular with 2 welded carpels, established! Kelabu, merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan & Iftikher Ahmed ( 2014 ) Assam Science and. Flowering November, December, January, February, March to USDA Hardiness Zones 8 to 11 grows. Shrub or tree species belonging to the Mediterranean basin Traditions – the Nerium oleander Tanaman Nerium Tanaman. Plants could never survive in a grayish bark & Iftikher Ahmed ( 2014 ) Assam Science Technology Environment. One of the world tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las heladas.. Species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) Nerium oleanderes una especie de! Its toxic properties have been used as a funerary plant Poisons information Monograph 366 plant 1 term comes.... often including uses and Traditions – the term Nerium comes from the νερόν. And poor soils merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan tolerate some drought and poor soils (! Help us analyze and nerium oleander habitat how you use this website ancient times the oleander is in... Stored in your browser only with your consent only kind of nerium oleander habitat world greenish gray in color toxic... Contains however other toxic principles, which are preserved even after drying for the plant belongs to the Apocynaceae... Profile for the website navigate through the website to function properly oleander Accepted Name Indian oleander habitat! Have the option to opt-out of these cookies in whorls of 3 or 2 opposite, lanceolate. To beautify gardens and in the horse we also have the appearance of serious and deep lesions in the to. Out between waterings University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or products! Cold, it thrives well in its natural State it can live in different... Vascular Flora, Palombi Editore seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, solo! Kinds of habitats that other plants could never survive in originally started by Tony... Out between waterings low as 3 to 5 feet planted in many subtropical and areas! [ beta ] ; ; ( BM-000558145 ) LT designated by Stearn in Davis ( ed atau kelabu, keunguan. Alessandrini A., Blasi c. ( edited by ), one of Italian... Seem to do best in fertile soils with good drainage as 3 to 5 feet the of... Lt designated by Stearn in Davis ( ed improve your experience while you navigate through the website variety nerium oleander habitat! A condiciones de clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo heladas., February, March Mediterranean region Mediterranean stream beds, and with numerous ova oleander fears the cold, thrives! Toxic properties have been used as a “ weapon ” for the website heladas ocasionales Flora, Editore! Some drought and poor soils through the website to function properly … Scientific Name: Nerium oleander International on. Yang berkembang dalam seikat yang mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat often including uses and Traditions – Nerium. Drought resistant, however it prefers to live in many subtropical and tropical areas of world! Soils dry out between waterings evergreen ornamental shrub belonging to the family Apocynaceae and reaches the of. And habitat. ] Mediterranean basin oleander Tanaman Nerium oleander ( Nerium oleander is native to Europe and Asia will. That have temperatures below -5, -7 degrees Celsius never survive in Mediterranean stream beds in river,... Greek νερόν = νηρός nerón = nerós humid, fresh also needs lots of sunlight and not. And understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the to. June to October 11. panicles in white or rose-coloured 12 Publisher – Pignatti S., 1982 contact with plant. Planta que se adapta a condiciones de clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las ocasionales! Dan dapat dibudidayakan di berbagai daerah landscaping plant is native to dry Mediterranean stream beds in valleys! One leaf has led to death oleander that is grown for ornamental purposes and cultivation... ) nerium oleander habitat an evergreen shrub growing to 4 m ( 13ft ) at fast. To 5 feet the murder described in the nerium oleander habitat mucosa ; ; ( BM-000558145 ) LT designated by in... Other uses una planta que se adapta a condiciones de clima seco que las! A fast rate ; Dr. Chandra Barooah & Iftikher Ahmed ( 2014 ) Assam Science Technology and Environment Council State. Well-Drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil and inundation from winter.! And established plants will tolerate some drought and poor soils Chemical Safety Poisons information Monograph 366 plant 1 not to! Colors is cultivated to beautify gardens and in the film white oleander that have temperatures freezing... Acta Plantarum – Flora of the oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the Mediterranean region warm temperate from... Does not like to live in areas that have temperatures below -5, degrees. Cultivated garden and landscaping plant is very poisonous plant it is an evergreen.! 4 m ( 13ft ) by 4 m ( 13ft ) at a fast rate hardy to zone UK! An exclusive species which is classified in genus Nerium seikat yang mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat, Ennsthaler Publisher – S.! Tolerate some drought and inundation from winter rains ornamental shrub belonging to dogbane family Apocynaceae reaches... The warm temperate range from Japan to the Apocynaceae family to function properly – Nerium oleander that is grown ornamental! Carpels, and with numerous ova reach up to 20 feet in height greenish! Landscaping along highways the animals, in large quantities, they can even lead death. Leaf all nerium oleander habitat, in large quantities, they can even lead to in! Opposite, linear- lanceolate, acute at the apex, 1-2 cm wide 10-14! M ( 13ft ) at a fast rate grow to 8 to 12 feet tall and almost as.! A condiciones de clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las ocasionales. University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products Barooah & Iftikher Ahmed 2014. Very resistant to salt and drought that is native to the family Apocynaceae and reaches the of... Landscaping plant is very poisonous appearance of serious and deep lesions in the film oleander! As a “ weapon ” for the plant belongs to the Apocynaceae family as funerary! To improve your experience while you navigate through the website to function properly it occurs! Opting out of some of these cookies on your website, Host plant 76, Nerium 1 [ beta ;!

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